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Aquatic mammals of Latin America

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sistematic classification and conservation status of aquatic mammals that occur in Latin America:

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenidae

SPECIES: Eubalaena australis (Desmoulins, 1822)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Franca, Ballena Franca, Southern right whale

DISTRIBUTION: hemisfério sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Neobalaenidae

SPECIES: Caperea marginata (Gray, 1846)

COMMON NAMES : Franca pigméia, Ballena Franca Pigmea, Pygmy right whale

DISTRIBUTION: oeste e sul da Austrália, Tasmania, Nova Zelândia, Ilhas Malvinas, Sul do Oceano Atlântico, África do Sul, Ilhas Crozet, Argentina e Chile)

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenopteridae

SPECIES: Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Jubarte, Ballena Jorobada, Humpback whale

DISTRIBUTION: todos Oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenopteridae

SPECIES: Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Lacépède, 1804)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Minke Comum, Ballena Minke, Rorcual Menor, Common Minke whale

DISTRIBUTION: todos Oceanos

SUB SPECIES: B. a. (Lacépède, 1804)un-named subsp

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Minke anã, Dwarf minke whale

DISTRIBUTION: Hemisfério Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenopteridae

SPECIES: Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Burmeister, 1867)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Minke Antartica, Antactica Minke whale

DISTRIBUTION: circumpolar oceanos hemisfério Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenopteridae

SPECIES: Balaenoptera edeni (Anderson, 1879)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia de Bryde, Ballena De Bryde

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas quentes

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenopteridae

SPECIES: Balaenoptera borealis (Lesson, 1828)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Sei, Ballena Sei

DISTRIBUTION: todos oceanos, exceto áreas tropicais e polares

SUB SPECIES: B. b. schlegellii (Flower, 1865)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Sei do hemisfério sul, Sei whale

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenopteridae

SPECIES: Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Fin, Ballena de Aleta, Rorcual Común , Fin whale

DISTRIBUTION: todos oceanos

SUB SPECIES: B. p. quoyi (Fischer, 1829)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Fin do hemisfério sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Misticeti

FAMILY: Balaenopteridae

SPECIES: Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Azul, Ballena Azul, Rorcual Azul, Blue whale

DISTRIBUTION: todos oceanos

SUB SPECIES: B. m. intermedia (Burmeister, 1871)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Azul do hemisfério sul, southern blue whale

DISTRIBUTION: Hemisfério sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Physeteridae

SPECIES: Physeter macrocephalus (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Cachalote, Sperm whale

DISTRIBUTION: todos oceanos exceto campos de gelo polares

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Vulnerable

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Kogiidae

SPECIES: Kogia breviceps (Blainville, 1838)

COMMON NAMES : Chacalote Pigmeu, Cachalote Pigmeo, Pygmy sperm whale

DISTRIBUTION: águas tropicais e temperadas em todos oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Kogiidae

SPECIES: Kogia sima (Owen, 1866)

COMMON NAMES : Cachalote anão, Cachalote Enano, Dwarf sperm whale

DISTRIBUTION: águas tropicais e temperadas em todos oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier, 1823)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Bicuda de Cuvier, Zifio de Cuvier, Cuvier's beaked whale

DISTRIBUTION: águas tropicais e temperadas em todos oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Berardius arnuxii (Duvernoy, 1851)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Bicuda de Arnoux,  Zifio de Arnoux, Arnoux' beaked whale

DISTRIBUTION: Sul da África, Austrália, Nova Zelândia, Argentina, Terra do Fogo, Ilhas Malvinas, Georgia do Sul, Shetlands do Sul e Península Antártica

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Tasmacetus shepherdi (Oliver, 1937)

COMMON NAMES : Ballena Picuda De Shepherd, Zifio de Shepherd, Shepherd's Beaked Whale

DISTRIBUTION: Austrália, Nova Zelândia, Ilhas Stewart e Chatham, Ilha  Juan Fernandez (Chile), Península Valdez, Terra do Fogo e Ilha Gable

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Hyperoodon planifrons (Flower, 1882)

COMMON NAMES : Boto Gladiador, Ballena Nariz de Botella del Sur, Southern bottlenose whale

DISTRIBUTION: Australia, Nova Zelândia, Brasil, Argentina, Terra do Fogo, Ilhas Malvinas, Georgia do Sul, Orkney do Sul, África do Sul, Oceanos Pacífico e Índico e setores da Antártica

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Mesoplodon hectori (Gray, 1871)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Bicuda de Hector, Zifio de Héctor, Hector's beaked whale

DISTRIBUTION: Sul da Califórnia, Argentina, Terra do Fogo, Ilhas Malvinas, África do Sul, Tasmania, Nova Zelândia)

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Mesoplodon grayi (von Haast, 1876)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Bicuda de Gray, Zifio de Gray, Gray's beaked whale

DISTRIBUTION: Holanda, África do Sul, sul da Austrália, Nova Zelândia, Ilhas Chatham, Chile, Terra do Fogo, Argentina e Ilhas Malvinas

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Mesoplodon peruvianus (Reyes, Mead and Van Waerebeek, 1991)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Bicuda Pigmeia, Zifio Menor, Zifio Pigmeo, Pygmy beaked whale

DISTRIBUTION: Leste do Oceano Pacífico tropical

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Mesoplodon layardii (Gray, 1865)

COMMON NAMES :  Zifio de Layard, Strap-toothed beaked whale

DISTRIBUTION: África do Sul, Australia, Nova Zelândia, Terra do Fogo, Argentina, Uruguay e Ilhas Malvinas

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Mesoplodon ginkgodens (Nishiwaki and Kamiya, 1958)

COMMON NAMES : Zifio de Dientes de Ginkgo, Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale

DISTRIBUTION: Islas Galápagos, Indo-Pacífico tropical

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Ziphiidae

SPECIES: Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville, 1817)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Bicuda de Blainville,  Zifio de Blainville, Blainville's beaked whale

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas quentes de todos oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Iniidae

SPECIES: Inia geoffrensis (Blainville, 1817)

COMMON NAMES : Boto, boto vermelho, bufeo, Delfín Rosado del Amazonas, Amazon river dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Sistemas do Rio Orinoco,  Amazonas e Araguaia-Tocantins

SUB SPECIES: I. g. geoffrensis (Blainville, 1817)

COMMON NAMES : Boto, Amazon river dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Sistemas do Rio Amazonas e Araguaia-Tocantins

SUB SPECIES: I. g. humboldtiana (Pilleri and Gihr, 1977)

COMMON NAMES : Delfin rosado

DISTRIBUTION: Sistema do Rio Orinoco (Venezuela e Colômbia)

SUB SPECIES: I. g. boliviensis (d'Orbigny, 1834)

COMMON NAMES : Bufeo colorado

DISTRIBUTION: Alto Rio Madeira (Brasil) - Bolivia

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Pontoporiidae

SPECIES: Pontoporia blainvillei (Gervais and d'Orbigny, 1821)

COMMON NAMES : Franciscana, Delfín de La Plata, Tonina, La Plata Dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: águas costeiras e estuarinas  Atlantico Ocidental - do Trópico de Capricórnio até Peninsula Valdez

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Vulnerable

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Lacépède, 1804)

COMMON NAMES : Delfín De Commerson, Jacobita, Tunina Overa, Commerson's dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas costeiras da Argentina, Terra do Fogo, Ilhas Malvinas, Ilhas Kerguelen e possivelmente Ilhas Georgia do Sul e Shetland

SUB SPECIES: C. c. commersonii (Lacépède, 1804)

DISTRIBUTION: Sul America do Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Cephalorhynchus eutropia (Gray, 1846)

COMMON NAMES : Delfín Chileno, Chilean dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas costeiras do Chile e tera do Fogo

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Near threatened

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Steno bredanensis (G. Cuvier in Lesson, 1828)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho de dentes rugosos, Delfín de Dientes Rugosos, Rough-toothed dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas de todos oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Sotalia fluviatilis (Gervais and Deville, 1853)

COMMON NAMES : Tucuxi

DISTRIBUTION: Sistema Amazonico do Brasil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénedén, 1864)

COMMON NAMES : Boto cinza, Delfín de Guiana, Guiana dolphin, Estuarine Dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas costeiras e embocaduras de rios do sul do Brasil até possivelmente Honduras

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho nariz de garrafa, Delfín Nariz de Botella, bottlenose dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas temperadas e tropicais do Oceano Índico, Pacífico Sul, leste e sul do Pacífico norte

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Stenella attenuata (Gray, 1846)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho pintado pantropical, Delfín Manchado Panttropical, Delfín Moteado Pantropical, Pantropical spotted dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Oceanos tropicais e temperadas  quentes Oceano Índico, Pacífico  e Atlântico

SUB SPECIES: S. a. attenuata (Gray, 1846)

DISTRIBUTION: Oceanos tropicais e temperadas  quentes Oceano Índico, Pacífico  e Atlântico

SUB SPECIES: S. a. graffmani (Lönnberg, 1934)

DISTRIBUTION: Leste Pacífico tropical

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Stenella frontalis (G. Cuvier, 1829)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho pintado do Atlântico, Delfín Manchado del Atlántico, Delfín Moteado del Atlántico, Atlantic spotted dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas  quentes do Atlântico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Stenella longirostris (Gray, 1828)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho rotador, Delfín Tornillo, Spinner dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas quentes do Atlântico, Índico e Pacífico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

SUB SPECIES: S. l. longirostris (Gray, 1828)

DISTRIBUTION: Ilhas Oceanicas tropicais do Atlântico, Índico e Pacífico central e oriental

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

SUB SPECIES: S. l. orientalis (Perrin, 1990)

DISTRIBUTION: Pacífico leste e central

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Vulnerable

SUB SPECIES: S. l. centroamericana (Perrin, 1990)

DISTRIBUTION: águas costeiras América Central

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Stenella clymene (Gray, 1850)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho climene, Delfín de Clymene, Clymene Dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Oceano Atlântico tropical e subtropical

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1853)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho estriado, Delfín Listado, Striped dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas Oceano Índico, Pacífico e Atlântico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Delphinus delphis (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES :

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas do Atlântico e Pacífico

SUB SPECIES: D. d. delphis (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho comum de bico curto, Delfín Común de Pico Corto, Short-beaked common dolphin

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Delphinus capensis (Gray, 1828)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho comum de bico longo, Delfín Común de Pico Largo, Long-beaked common dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas costeiras dos oceanos

SUB SPECIES: D. c. capensis (Gray, 1828)

DISTRIBUTION: Oceano Pacífico e Atlântico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Lagenodelphis hosei (Fraser, 1956)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho de Fraser, Delfín de Fraser, Delfín de Borneo, Fraser's dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas quentes do Pacífico, Atlântico e Índico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Gray, 1828)

COMMON NAMES : Delfín Oscuro, Dusky dolphin

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

SUB SPECIES: L. o. fitzroyi (Waterhouse, 1838)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho Dusky da America do Sul

DISTRIBUTION: Águas costeiras do Atlântico na Argentina e do Pacífico na Argentina e Chile

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Lagenorhynchus australis (Peale, 1848)

COMMON NAMES : Peale's dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas temperadas do Sul da Am. Sul e Ilhas Malvinas

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824)

COMMON NAMES : Hourglass dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas temperadas do hemisfério Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Lissodelphis peronii (Lacépède, 1804)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho de Peron, Delfín Liso Austral, Southern right-whale dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas temperadas dos oceanos no Hemisfério Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Grampus griseus (G. Cuvier, 1812)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho de Risso, Delfín de Risso, Risso´s dolphin

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas do mundo

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Peponocephala electra (Gray, 1846)

COMMON NAMES : Golfinho cabeça de melão, Delfín Cabeza de Melón, Melon-headed whale

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais do Atlântico, Índico e Pacífico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Feresa attenuata (Gray, 1874)

COMMON NAMES : Orca pigméia, Orca Pigmea, Pigmy killer whale

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas quentes do Atlântico, Índico e Pacífico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Pseudorca crassidens (Owen, 1846)

COMMON NAMES : Falsa Orca, Orca Falsa, false killer whale

DISTRIBUTION: Oceanos e mares tropicais e temperadas do mundo

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Orca

DISTRIBUTION: todos oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Piloto de peitorais longa, Calderón de Aletas Largas, Long-finned pilot whale

DISTRIBUTION: Águas temperadas frias do Hemisfério Sul e Atlântico Norte; Norte do Japão

SUB SPECIES: G. m. edwardii (A. Smith, 1834)

DISTRIBUTION: Águas temperadas frias do Hemisfério Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

  

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Delphinidae

SPECIES: Globicephala macrorhynchus (Gray, 1846)

COMMON NAMES : Baleia Piloto de peitorais curtas, Calderón de Aletas Cortas, Short¬-finned pilot whale

DISTRIBUTION: Águas tropicais e temperadas do Atlântico, Índico e Pacífico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Phocoenidae

SPECIES: Phocoena spinipinnis (Burmeister, 1865)

COMMON NAMES : Boto de dorsal espinhosa, Marsopa Espinosa, Burmeister's porpoise

DISTRIBUTION: Águas rasas e costeiras da América do Sul , a partir do Sul do Brasil, Uruguay, Terra do Fogo até norte do Peru.

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Cetartiodactyla

SUBORDER: Odontoceti

FAMILY: Phocoenidae

SPECIES: Phocoena dioptrica (Lahille, 1912)

COMMON NAMES : Marsopa de Anteojos, Spectacled porpoise

DISTRIBUTION: Águas costeiras do Uruguai, Argentina, Ilhas Malvinas, Georgia do Sul, Ilhas Heard, Kergueen, Nova Zelândia, Ilhas Auckland e Macquarie

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Sirenia

FAMILY: Trichechidae

SPECIES: Trichechus manatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Peixe-boi marinho, manati, West Indian Manatee

DISTRIBUTION: Altlântico central ocidental

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Vulnerable

SUB SPECIES: T. m. manatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Peixe-boi marinho, Manati Antilliano, Antillean manatee

DISTRIBUTION: Ilhas do Caribe, América Central e América do Sul (até Nordeste do Brasil)

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered

 

ORDER: Sirenia

FAMILY: Trichechidae

SPECIES: Trichechus inunguis (Natterer, 1883)

COMMON NAMES : Peixe-boi amazônico, Peixe-boi da Amazônia, Manatí Amazónico, Vaca Marina, Amazonian Manatee

DISTRIBUTION: Sistema do Rio Amazonas

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Vulnerable

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Otariidae

SPECIES: Arctocephalus gazella (Peters, 1875)

COMMON NAMES : Lobo marinho antártico, Lobo Fino Antártico, Antarctic fur seal

DISTRIBUTION: zonas Antárticas dos Oceanos no Hemisfério Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Otariidae

SPECIES: Arctocephalus tropicalis (Gray, 1872)

COMMON NAMES : lobo marinho subantártico, Lobo Fino Subantártico, Subantarctic fur Seal

DISTRIBUTION: zona sub- Antartica dos Oceanos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Otariidae

SPECIES: Arctocephalus australis (Zimmerman, 1783)

COMMON NAMES : lobo marinho do sul, Lobo Fino Austral, Falkland Islands fur seal

DISTRIBUTION: Ilhas Malvinas, sul Am. Do Sul Brasil

SUB SPECIES: A. a. australis (Zimmermann, 1783)

DISTRIBUTION: Ilhas Malvinas

SUB SPECIES: A. a. gracilis (Nehring, 1887)

COMMON NAMES : American fur seal

DISTRIBUTION: America do Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

  

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Otariidae

SPECIES: Arctocephalus galapagoensis (Heller, 1904)

COMMON NAMES : Lobo Fino de Galápagos, Galapagos fur seal

DISTRIBUTION: Ilhas Galapagos

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Otariidae

SPECIES: Arctocephalus philippii (Peters, 1866)

SUB SPECIES: A. p. philippi Peters, 1866

COMMON NAMES :  Lobo Fino de Juan Fernández, Juan Fernandez fur Seal

DISTRIBUTION: Isla Más Afuera, Isla Robinson, Isla Santa Clara, Isla San Felix, Isla San Ambrosio, vagrant até Punta San Juan, Peru

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Near threatened

  

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Otariidae

SPECIES: Zalophus wollebaeki (Sivertsen, 1953)

COMMON NAMES : Leão Marinho de Galapagos, Lobo Marino de Galápagos, Galapagos sea lion

DISTRIBUTION: Galápagos, Isla de La Plata, Isla del Coco, Isla Gorgona, Costa do Equador

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Otariidae

SPECIES: Otaria flavescens (Shaw, 1800) / Otaria byronia (Blainville, 1820)

COMMON NAMES : Leão Marinho do sul, León Marino del Sur, South American sea lion

DISTRIBUTION: América do Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Phocidae

SPECIES: Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758)

COMMON NAMES : Elefante Marinho do Sul,  Elefante Marino Del Sur, Southern elephant seal

DISTRIBUTION: Zona subantártica do hemisfério Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Phocidae

SPECIES: Leptonychotes weddellii (Lesson, 1826)

COMMON NAMES : Foca de Weddell, Weddell seal

DISTRIBUTION: zona de gelo da Antartica

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Phocidae

SPECIES: Ommatophoca rossii (Gray, 1844)

COMMON NAMES : Foca de Ross, Ross seal

DISTRIBUTION: Oceano Antártico

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Phocidae

SPECIES: Lobodon carcinophaga (Hombron and Jacquinot, 1842)

COMMON NAMES : Foca caranguejeira, Foca Cangrejera, Crabeater seal

DISTRIBUTION: zona de gelo do Oceanos hemisfério Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Uruguay, Ilha Malvinas, Tasmania, Nova Zelândia

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Phocidae

SPECIES: Hydrurga leptonyx (Blainville, 1820)

COMMON NAMES : Foca leopardo, leopard seal

DISTRIBUTION: linha de costa da Antartica, Georgia do Sul, Ihas Shetland, Terra do Fogo a Santa catarina, Australia

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Least concern

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Mustelidae

SPECIES: Lontra felina (Molina, 1782)

COMMON NAMES : Chinchimen, Chingungo, Gato De Mar, Gato Marino, Huallaca, Nutria de Mar, marine otter

DISTRIBUTION: Águas costeiras do Pacífico na America do Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Mustelidae

SPECIES: Lontra longicaudis / Lutra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818)

COMMON NAMES : lontra, Gato de Agua, Lobito del Plata, Lobito de Río, Nutria de Agua, Perro de Agua, Taira, neotropical otter

DISTRIBUTION: lagos e rios Am. Central e do Sul

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Data deficient

 

ORDER: Carnivora

FAMILY: Mustelidae

SPECIES: Pteronura brasiliensis (Gmelin, 1788)

COMMON NAMES : Ariranha, Nutria Gigante, Arirai, Giant otter

DISTRIBUTION: América do Sul, do Leste dos Andes, através do Sul da Venezuela e Colômbia ao Norte da Argentina

CONSERVATION STATUS (IUCN Red List): Endangered 


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